Attacks on SCADA systems are on the rise. The frightening truth is that many infiltrated systems have gone undetected. All too often, cyber criminals “infect” systems and silently monitor traffic, observe activity, and wait for months or even years before taking any action allowing them to strike when they can cause the most damage.
“We recognize the enemy will use the Internet to recruit, to take down SCADA systems. In short, we expect a cyberattack as a prelude to war.” – LTG Alan Lynn, DISA (Defense Information Systems Agency) Director
In the past few years we have seen:
- December 2016 – Incident occurred amid a flurry of 6,500 cyber attacks over two months, according to Ukraine’s President Petro Poroshenko. Poroshenko said the attacks indicated Russian “cyberwar.”
- September 2016 – Largest DDoS attack ever delivered by botnet of hijacked IoT devices, according to Network World.
- October 2015 – Chatham House, a UK think-tank, reported that the risk of a cyber attack on nuclear infrastructure is growing. The trend towards the digitization of SCADA systems is increasing the vulnerability of nuclear facilities, and many are inadequately prepared. Even where facilities are air-gapped, this safeguard can be breached with nothing more than a flash drive.
- April 2015 – According to the 2015 Dell Security Annual Threat Report, SCADA attacks are on the rise. The report found that in 2014, the number of attacks on SCADA systems doubled compared to the previous year. Most of these attacks occurred in Finland, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
- March 2015 – A report by the US Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT) found that it received 245 cyber incident reports from asset owners and industry partners in the fiscal year of 2014.
- December 2014 – An unnamed German Steel Mill suffered extensive damage from a cyber-attack. The attackers were able to disrupt the control system and prevent a blast furnace from being shut down, resulting in ‘massive’ damage.
Threats & Vulnerabilities
With numerous threats and vulnerabilities that could affect critical services, securing SCADA systems must be a top priority.
- Lack of Network Segmentation
- Lack of Encryption
- Remote Access Policies
- DDoS Attacks
- Legacy Software
- Default Configuration
- Policies and Procedures
- Command Injection and Parameters Manipulation
Star Controls has partnered with the top vendors to include best of breed products in the SCADA Cyber Security Field
At a granular level, all products and solutions that Star Controls work with offer the highest level of security at every critical stage of operation. The solutions covers the OT (Operational Technology, the traditional ICS/SCADA), as well as the IT ( traditional IT security). Star Controls provides a complete Cyber Security solution for the ICS/SCADA systems, which detect and protect any potential entry point into the system. It’s integrated and holistic approach stitches the Cyber Security for all components that are part of the SCADA system:
- Data Center – SCADA Servers and Front End Processors (or Gateways)
- Network – Devices, such as Wireless Radios and Gateways
- Remote Sites – RTUs/PLCs and Smart Devices and Site Security
Star Controls offers end-to-end, holistic approach, that integrate technologies, products and protocols that were designed for the ICS/SCADA security, and leverages technical Star Controls’ know how.
SCADA Software – For Cyber Security Star Controls offers different SCADA software products, while the VTScada is among the best fit for Cyber Security.
VTScada SCADA software – Each application includes its own security accounts and settings which control access to all parts of the application including workstations, thin clients, mobile clients, and alarm notifications. Deployed security changes are immediate and application wide. Accounts are easily copied, modified, and deleted. You can now even share accounts across multiple applications.
- Military-grade encryption
- Security protocols
- Password protection
- Group management
- Share security accounts applications
Firewalls for ICS/SCADA – Star Controls includes products from Check Point, the industry leader in IT Security, to provide a complete To-Down IT Security to the ICS/SCADA systems.
Check Point Gateway and Analytic Manager – Check Point offers the most advanced cyber security. Aligning Operational Technology (OT) with Information Technology (IT) security, Check Point provides an end-to-end multi-layer threat defense, allowing real-time protection and monitoring against threats with full visibility along with granular control of SCADA traffic. Paired with ruggedized appliance options and comprehensive protocol support, Check Point ensures critical assets are never compromised. With our best in class management platform all IT and OT environments are supported with a single, unified and robust management; the most advanced existing today.
Wireless Gateways – Star Controls offers a variety of wireless Gateways (aka modem or data radio), for private and public networks. Star Controls engineers will add all necessary authentication and encryption to the units, so secure this segment of the SCADA system.
Private Networks – Star Controls offers products from leading vendors, such as CalAmp, 4RF and GE-MDS.
Public Network – Star Controls offers products from leading vendors such as Sierra Wireless and Red-Lion. Our IT security experts will facilitate the dialogue with the cellular service provider, to define and implement all necessary IT security, e.g. VPN, while the data is going through the SP’s networks.
The AirLink Raven RV50 from Sierra Wireless is an example for Cellular Gateway that meets the OT and IT requirements. The Raven RV50 is loaded with features to secure critical data. It supports secure communications to multiple back-end systems by providing up to five concurrent VPN sessions. Remote authentication management allows enterprise-grade systems to manage access to devices in the field. Finally, port filtering and trusted IP protect the devices connected to the Raven RV50 from unwanted access.
RTU, PLCs and Smart Devices – This area in the system is vulnerable and has been ignored by almost all vendors. Star Controls is addressing existing systems by adding layer of IT Security to sites with PLCs and Smart Devices that are used by the different vertical market. Star Controls is also promoting the Motorola ACE3600 RTU, which is the first RTU in the industry that provides a complete end-to-end IT Security to the remote monitor and controls.
Secured ACE3600 – Secured ACE3600 RTUs, FEP (ACE IP Gateway or ACE3600 FIU) with enabled security features such as access/interface control, secured communication, secured files, and security-related logs. ACE3600 Security Policy is a set of configurable system-wide security parameters for enforcing the organization’s security policy in the ACE3600 system management tools (STS), front-end units and field units.
ACE Secured System – Security Layers
- Secure Access Control
- User access control to all system parts
- Roles and permissions
- M2M access control
- Central access management & control
- Integrated security log
- Logging security events
- Sending security alerts
- Stored Data Encryption
- File encryption
- Communications Security
- Data payload encryption
- – Encryption key management
- Integrated IP Firewall
- Unused port disabling
- Suppressing vulnerable protocols
- Message Life Time
- White listing
- Run-file white listing in the RTUs
- Management tools white listing & configuration change control
- Secured programming
- Implementing secured programming methodology
- Avoiding “backdoors”
- Using protocols / port scanners
- .NET Code obfuscation
StaRTU Software Application – Star Controls’ flagship software product, for the Motorola RTUs, is a game changer in the RTU/PLC market, providing the SCADA and the O&M team unparalleled capabilities and ease of use to configure, change and maintain every aspect of the RTU. The StaRTU has been upgraded to work on the Motorola Secured ACE600 RTU. Star Controls is also planning to incorporate logs from the StaRTU loggers (i.e. Communications and I/Os) into the Cyber Security Analytic at Check Point Manager. This will cover non-IP, legacy, SCADA systems.
Site Security – The site security is an important part of the overall security of the ICS/SCADA system. The integration of the two systems allows the correlation between alerts from IT security with the site security. The site security includes access management and advanced video surveillance, including video analytics